The Abraham Accords are a joint statement reached between Israel, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and the United States. The term subsequently became used to refer to agreements between Israel, the UAE, and Bahrain. Signed on September 15, 2020, the Abraham Accords became the first public normalization of relations between an Arab country and Israel since that of Jordan in 1994.
Through the peace and normalization agreements between Israel, UAE, Bahrain, Sudan, and Morocco, the number of Arab states with diplomatic ties to Israel raised from two to six. Building on the success of prior agreements between Israel, Egypt, and Jordan, the Accords encourage friendly relations based on shared interests and commitment to a better future for the region.
The agreements are focused on transforming the region, enhancing Israel’s security, generating economic opportunities for neighboring Arab states, and advancing U.S. national security interests. The Abraham Accords have already made historic advancements in shifting the dynamic of the MENA region and are an incredibly important diplomatic initiative to maintaining and strengthening peace and stability in the Middle East.
Since the signing of the Accords, the UAE and Bahrain have demonstrated a full commitment to regional security collaboration with Israel. In addition, there has been blossoming relationships within the private sector and civil society. Most recently, in the spirit of the Abraham Accords, leaders from Bahrain, Egypt, Morocco, the United States, and the UAE convened in Israel for the Negev Summit.
The historic summit resulted in an agreement to establish six working groups to strengthen several key regional issues, including: cooperation on national security, education, health, energy, food security, and tourism. Being the first time that Israel has hosted ministers from three Arab states simultaneously, the visit alone provides a sense of hope and possibility for future peace in the Middle East.